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Indian women largely excluded from growing sectors, reveals an ILO study by Rukmini Shrinivasan March 08,2013   |  Source: TNN

The number of women in India's workforce has fallen so sharply that it has skewed the global numbers, prompting an International Labour Organization investigation.

The study has found that while higher educational enrolment and problems with data explain some of this decline, exclusion of women from fast-growing sectors of India's economy is a very real problem.

Labour force participation rate (LFPR) refers to the proportion of the working-age population that is either employed or seeking work. Female LFPR generally tends to be lower than male. Overall, female LFPR in India declined by 10% between 2005 and 2010. Out of 131 countries globally, the 2010 numbers place India 11th from the bottom.

"Globally, female labour force participation stands at 51.1%, going up to 66.4% in East Asia but falling to 31.8% in South Asia," says SherVerick, senior employment specialist at the ILO, New Delhi. "Only Pakistan is worse off than India in South Asia," adds Verick.

Economists Steven Kapsos and Andrea Silberman of the ILO's Employment Trends Unit began their investigation after India's 2010 numbers for women in the labour force fell so sharply that global LFPR for both men and women diverged from ILO predictions. As reported earlier by TOI, female LFPR declined from an


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