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A "feminist perspective" in fisheries builds on the fact that women of fishing communities take on multidimensional roles that straddle both production and reproduction...

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Globalization
Technological changes in fisheries, entry of outside capital and growth in trade and markets have transformed the fisheries sector. These developments have increased pressure on fisheries resources, and in many instances, led to overfishing and resource collapse. In the process, traditional, sustainable fishing gears and practices have been replaced by those that are ‘efficient’ and capital-intensive, threatening livelihoods and the food security of small-scale fishing communities. Processes of economic globalization, privatization and the concentration of ownership and control of fisheries have affected, often in very negative ways, the lives of women fishworkers and their families. Women from small-scale fishing communities, engaged for example in marketing and processing fish, find it difficult to compete with economically powerful actors engaged in fish trade. Only in a very few instances have women fishworkers been able to leverage technological changes to overcome barriers created by patriarchy and gender discrimination to successfully compete in these markets. In several parts of the world women have turned to wage labour, employed as workers in fish processing plants, or in the unorganized sector catering to global markets engaged to process, clean, sort, unload or bait fish. Women are often preferred to men as the work is labour-intensive, and requires skill and precision. This work, however, tends to be short-term, poorly paid, and with little job security. Women put in long working hours, undertaking menial and repetitive tasks, under poor and exploitative working conditions, with implications for their health and well-being. Men, on the other hand, tend to be employed in higher paying jobs involving procurement, quality control, engineering and supervision. In the context of deepening resource crisis and the associated threat to livelihoods of local fishing communities, the growing incidence of HIV/ AIDS in these communities is a disturbing trend. The incidence of HIV/AIDs is linked to several factors: insecurity of livelihoods, poor educational opportunities for children, increase in crime and sex work, cultural practices of polygamy and the inability of women to deny their husbands sexual rights. For instance, in Fiji, the HIV/AIDS epidemic has been linked to the tuna transhipment industry, that puts certain kinds of people under threat: the fishermen on commercial vessels who engage in sex at ports, and the sex workers who service them. The documents under this theme provide insights on the above issues.
Windley, David.W. 1969. International practice regarding traditional fishing privileges of foreign fishermen in zones of extended maritime jurisdiction. The American Journal of International Law 63 (3): 490-503
  • :Resource Allocation,Legal Issues,Traditional Rights,Regional Documents,Tsunami,Labour Issues,Role of Women in Aquaculture,Trade and Market Access,Struggle for Recognition,Right to Resources,Country Profiles,Women in Fisheries,Social Issues,Co-management,Fisheries Agreements,Biodiversity,CBCRM,Fisheries Management,Development Initiatives,Globalization,Status of Women,Role of Women,Recognition and Policy,Struggles and Movements,Social Issues in MPAs,Women and Resources Management,Climate change and fisheries,Climate change and adaptation,Community based management,Traditional Ecological Knowledge,Traditional Knowledge,Marine Protected Areas,Small-scale fisheries

Vivekanandan, V. 2004. Fishing for favour, netting a lesson. South Indian Federation of Fishermen Societies, Trivandrum. 68p.
  • :Resource Allocation,Legal Issues,Traditional Rights,Regional Documents,Tsunami,Labour Issues,Role of Women in Aquaculture,Trade and Market Access,Struggle for Recognition,Right to Resources,Country Profiles,Women in Fisheries,Social Issues,Co-management,Fisheries Agreements,Biodiversity,CBCRM,Fisheries Management,Development Initiatives,Globalization,Status of Women,Role of Women,Recognition and Policy,Struggles and Movements,Social Issues in MPAs,Women and Resources Management,Climate change and fisheries,Climate change and adaptation,Community based management,Traditional Ecological Knowledge,Traditional Knowledge,Marine Protected Areas,Small-scale fisheries

Suryanarayan, V. 2005. Conflict over fisheries in the Palk Bay region. Lance Publishers & Distributors, New Delhi. 207p.
  • :Resource Allocation,Legal Issues,Traditional Rights,Regional Documents,Tsunami,Labour Issues,Role of Women in Aquaculture,Trade and Market Access,Struggle for Recognition,Right to Resources,Country Profiles,Women in Fisheries,Social Issues,Co-management,Fisheries Agreements,Biodiversity,CBCRM,Fisheries Management,Development Initiatives,Globalization,Status of Women,Role of Women,Recognition and Policy,Struggles and Movements,Social Issues in MPAs,Women and Resources Management,Climate change and fisheries,Climate change and adaptation,Community based management,Traditional Ecological Knowledge,Traditional Knowledge,Marine Protected Areas,Small-scale fisheries

Stacey, Natasha. 2007. Boats to burn: Bajo fishing activity in the Australian Fishing Zone. Asia Pacific Environment Monograph 2, ANU E Press, Canberra.
  • :Resource Allocation,Legal Issues,Traditional Rights,Regional Documents,Tsunami,Labour Issues,Role of Women in Aquaculture,Trade and Market Access,Struggle for Recognition,Right to Resources,Country Profiles,Women in Fisheries,Social Issues,Co-management,Fisheries Agreements,Biodiversity,CBCRM,Fisheries Management,Development Initiatives,Globalization,Status of Women,Role of Women,Recognition and Policy,Struggles and Movements,Social Issues in MPAs,Women and Resources Management,Climate change and fisheries,Climate change and adaptation,Community based management,Traditional Ecological Knowledge,Traditional Knowledge,Marine Protected Areas,Small-scale fisheries
  • :Austria

Stacey, N. 2005. Crossing Borders: Implications of the memorandum of understanding on Bajo fishing activity in northern Australian waters, The Beagle: Records of Museums and Arts Galleries of the NT. Supplement 1: 229-234.
  • :Resource Allocation,Legal Issues,Traditional Rights,Regional Documents,Tsunami,Labour Issues,Role of Women in Aquaculture,Trade and Market Access,Struggle for Recognition,Right to Resources,Country Profiles,Women in Fisheries,Social Issues,Co-management,Fisheries Agreements,Biodiversity,CBCRM,Fisheries Management,Development Initiatives,Globalization,Status of Women,Role of Women,Recognition and Policy,Struggles and Movements,Social Issues in MPAs,Women and Resources Management,Climate change and fisheries,Climate change and adaptation,Community based management,Traditional Ecological Knowledge,Traditional Knowledge,Marine Protected Areas,Small-scale fisheries
  • :Australia

Sodik, Dikdik Mohamad. 2007. Combating illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing in Indonesian waters: The need for fisheries legislative reform. Doctoral thesis, University of Wollongong.
  • :Resource Allocation,Legal Issues,Traditional Rights,Regional Documents,Tsunami,Labour Issues,Role of Women in Aquaculture,Trade and Market Access,Struggle for Recognition,Right to Resources,Country Profiles,Women in Fisheries,Social Issues,Co-management,Fisheries Agreements,Biodiversity,CBCRM,Fisheries Management,Development Initiatives,Globalization,Status of Women,Role of Women,Recognition and Policy,Struggles and Movements,Social Issues in MPAs,Women and Resources Management,Climate change and fisheries,Climate change and adaptation,Community based management,Traditional Ecological Knowledge,Traditional Knowledge,Marine Protected Areas,Small-scale fisheries

Reisman, W. Michael. 2000. Eritrea-Yemen Arbitration (Award, Phase II: Maritime Delimitation), The American Journal of International Law 94 (4): 721-736
  • :Resource Allocation,Legal Issues,Traditional Rights,Regional Documents,Tsunami,Labour Issues,Role of Women in Aquaculture,Trade and Market Access,Struggle for Recognition,Right to Resources,Country Profiles,Women in Fisheries,Social Issues,Co-management,Fisheries Agreements,Biodiversity,CBCRM,Fisheries Management,Development Initiatives,Globalization,Status of Women,Role of Women,Recognition and Policy,Struggles and Movements,Social Issues in MPAs,Women and Resources Management,Climate change and fisheries,Climate change and adaptation,Community based management,Traditional Ecological Knowledge,Traditional Knowledge,Marine Protected Areas,Small-scale fisheries

Peacock, F.Greg. Bilateral management of transboundary fish stocks: an informal approach to ecosystem based management.
  • :Resource Allocation,Legal Issues,Traditional Rights,Regional Documents,Tsunami,Labour Issues,Role of Women in Aquaculture,Trade and Market Access,Struggle for Recognition,Right to Resources,Country Profiles,Women in Fisheries,Social Issues,Co-management,Fisheries Agreements,Biodiversity,CBCRM,Fisheries Management,Development Initiatives,Globalization,Status of Women,Role of Women,Recognition and Policy,Struggles and Movements,Social Issues in MPAs,Women and Resources Management,Climate change and fisheries,Climate change and adaptation,Community based management,Traditional Ecological Knowledge,Traditional Knowledge,Marine Protected Areas,Small-scale fisheries
  • :America

McDorman, Ted L. 2009. Canada-United States cooperative approaches to shared marine fishery resources: territorial subversion?. Michigan Journal of International Law (30): 665-687pp.
  • :Resource Allocation,Legal Issues,Traditional Rights,Regional Documents,Tsunami,Labour Issues,Role of Women in Aquaculture,Trade and Market Access,Struggle for Recognition,Right to Resources,Country Profiles,Women in Fisheries,Social Issues,Co-management,Fisheries Agreements,Biodiversity,CBCRM,Fisheries Management,Development Initiatives,Globalization,Status of Women,Role of Women,Recognition and Policy,Struggles and Movements,Social Issues in MPAs,Women and Resources Management,Climate change and fisheries,Climate change and adaptation,Community based management,Traditional Ecological Knowledge,Traditional Knowledge,Marine Protected Areas,Small-scale fisheries

Mathew, Sebastian.2001. Fishing in the Indian Ocean. The Hindu, dated 22 September 2001.
  • :Resource Allocation,Legal Issues,Traditional Rights,Regional Documents,Tsunami,Labour Issues,Role of Women in Aquaculture,Trade and Market Access,Struggle for Recognition,Right to Resources,Country Profiles,Women in Fisheries,Social Issues,Co-management,Fisheries Agreements,Biodiversity,CBCRM,Fisheries Management,Development Initiatives,Globalization,Status of Women,Role of Women,Recognition and Policy,Struggles and Movements,Social Issues in MPAs,Women and Resources Management,Climate change and fisheries,Climate change and adaptation,Community based management,Traditional Ecological Knowledge,Traditional Knowledge,Marine Protected Areas,Small-scale fisheries

 
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